新句


“Sugar, alcohol and tobacco”, economist Adam Smith once wrote, “are commodities which are nowhere necessaries of life, which have become objects of almost universal consumption, and which are, therefore, extremely popular subjects of taxation.”

经济学家Adam Smith曾经写道:糖,酒,烟草不是生活中的必需品,但却是全世界人的消费品,因此也成为了绝佳的征税品.


Two and a half centuries on, most countries impose some sort(某种) of tax on alcohol and tobacco

两个半世纪以来,大多数国家对烟酒征收某种税


With surging obesity levels putting increasing strain on public health systems, governments around the world have begun to toy with(非正式的考虑) the idea of taxing sugar as well

随着激增的肥胖水平给公共健康系统增加了压力(意译:strain为拉紧,脾气),全世界的政府开始考虑征税,糖也如此.


Whether such taxes work is a matter of debate

征税是否真的有作用是一个有争议的问题


A preliminary review of Mexico’s taxation found a fall in purchases of taxed drinks as well as a rise in sales if untaxed and healthier drinks

对墨西哥初步审查被征税的酒品购买下降而未被征税的更健康的酒品的销售上升


a Danish tax on foods high in fats was abandoned a year after its introduction

丹麦在一项高脂肪食品的征税在引进一年后被废除


There is no silver(银的) bullet(子弹)

没有万能药 (silver bullet:喻指新技术,尤指人们寄予厚望的某种新科技)


Some companies have been investing money in a more ambitious undertaking

一些公司已经将钱投向了更有雄心事业


Many of the reductions over the past 30 years have been achieved

许多的减量(这里指不好的物质)在过去的30年已经被实现了


some drink manufactures have cut the amount of sugar in their beverages.

一些饮品制造业已经在他们的饮料中减少了大量的糖


The food industry has, in general, been firmly opposed to such direct government action

通常而言,食品行业坚决反对政府直接干预


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