新句


office managers konck down walls to encourage team building

办公室经理也打破壁垒去鼓励团队建设


teams are as old as civilization

团队像文明一样古老


restructuring meant putting more emphasis on teams

重组意味着更多重心移向团队.


Companies are abandoning conventional functional departments and organising employees into cross-disciplinary teams that focus on particular products, problems or customers

公司们正在摒弃传统的职能部门,将员工组织为关注特定产品,问题或者顾客的跨学科的团队.


a network of teams is replacing the conventional hierarchy

团队网络正在替换传统的等级


we compete against market transitions, not competitors

我们与市场转型竞争,而不是竞争者


Digital technology also makes it easier for people to co-ordinate their activities without resorting to hierarchy

数字科技让人民更加容易协调它们的活动而不用求助于等级


A good rule of thumb is that as soon as generals and hospital administrators jump on a management bandwagon,it is time to ask questions

翻阅一条好的规则是如果将军和医院管理者开始追随一种管理潮流,那就是是时候发问了


senior executives

高管


If it is hard enough to define a team’s membership, agreeing on its purpose is harder still

如果定义团队的成员关系足够的困难,达成一致的目标会更困难


Profound changes

深厚的改变


This is hard to achieve when, as is now the case in many big firms, a large proportion of staff are temporary contractors

这很难实现,在很多大公司现在的情况是,很大一部分比重的员工是临时合同工.


They need to rid their minds of sentimentalism:the most successful teams have leaders who are able to set an overall direction and take immediate action

他们需要摆脱感情用事的心思,最成功的团队一定有着能过设定总体方向能够采取果断行动


总结

感觉还是有很多的句子没法翻译,但是做题的时候可以用关键词法,这次10道题对了9道

🌹💗正文结束💗🌹